Memorization belongs to the basic processes of memory. As other mental processes, it is divided into implicit and explicit (conscious) parts. Implicit memorization is carried out without a special aim to remember something. Unconscious memory might be affected by emotiveness of objects. All things that affect people emotionally are very easy to remember, regardless of the intention to remember them. Implicit memory also may depend on the presence of interest to something.
All that somehow might be interesting for you is much easier to remember and kept in mind for a longer period than a boring thing. This form of memorization occurs when any phenomenon arises against a background of something contrasting. Besides that, subjects that are similar to familiar ones, spontaneously kept track without particular efforts. Unconscious memorization is very important in life. Also, it is very important in the activities related to education and working process.
Conscious memorization differs from unconscious one by the level of determined efforts, the presence of aim, task and motive. It is targeted and uses special tools and techniques of memorization.
Look Through the Info
Most of people read a book from the first sentence up to the last one. However, to read more effectively you should glance over the info, be aware of its structure before reading. Very often it happens that at the beginning of the book you might find a brief description of the main and crucial themes or motives and find out what you should target on.
Figure out Why You Read It
Before you start reading, define what info you want to learn from the source and why you need it. This will help you understand clearly what in the text is essential for you. For example, if you hold a huge scientific book about dinosaurs in hands but you need to learn only about pterodactyls, then by defining an objective you help your brain help you to determine the information about them without paying attention to anything else. Thus, you will assimilate the information easier.
Everyone knows that a combination of different types of memorization – visual, auditory, tactile, etc. – helps you to acquire new info in a better way. That is why while learning some material it is desirable to note information, sing it, and repeat. You can note brief paragraphs, draw schemes, tablets – whatever you want.
Visualization Makes Difference
This advice goes back to the previous one. Visualization helps not only to imagine information that you have read, but also to combine some data with other ones, such as people's faces and their names.
Do Not Assume That Something Is Too Easy for You
When you find any information that you guess is too easy for you, you think that it is not necessary to draw attention to it, because you memorize it without any efforts. However, this feeling is misleading. Typically, in such cases the information walks by a person.
Train and Test Your Memory Regularly
If you do aim to improve your memorizing skill, then let’s approach such an aspiration seriously. It’ essential to make your brain understand that it has to train together with you every day. Find some nice exercises in the Internet and do them on a regular basis. By the way, have you heard about Lumosity? Google this company when you have time.
They have designed the whole range of interesting intellectual games that sharpen attention and train memory. They also have set certain recommendations for regular trainings. You can try a free version first. But you’ll see it’s worth subscribing.
Don’t consider this an ad. I tried their exercises myself and I tell you they’re really helpful. But I appear to be a busy thing, so I somehow gave my trainings up. Just don’t follow my example.